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.7.See Gordon J.Scochet, Patriarchalism in Political Thought: The Authoritarian Family and Political Speculation and Attitudes, especially in Seventeenth-Century England (New York, 1975); and Mark Hulliung, “Patriarchalism and Its Early Enemies,” Political Theory, vol.2, no.4 (Nov.1974); the social background of the doctrines on patriarchal power is discussed by Gordon J.Schochet, “Patriarchalism, Politics, and Mass Attitudes in Stuart England,” Historical Journal, vol.12, no.3 (1969); Steven Ozment, When Fathers Ruled: Family Life in Reformation Europe (Harvard, 1983); and Alan Macfarlane, Marriage and Love in England: Modes of Reproduction 1300–1800 (Oxford, 1987).8.The six bookes of a common-weale (London, 1606), p.1.See also Henry Heller, “Bodin on Slavery and Primitive Accumulation,” Sixteenth Century Journal, vol.25, no.1 (spring 1994).9.On the Roman and Greek practices of child exposure, the most extreme manifestation of patrimonial power, see W.V.Harris, “Child-Exposure in the Roman Empire,” Journal of Roman Studies, vol.84 (1994).See also Antti Arjava, “Paternal Power in Late Antiquity,” Journal of Roman Studies, vol.88 (1998).10.The History of Barbados (London, 1666), pp.328–29.11.Relation historique de l'Ethiopie occidentale (Paris, 1732), vol.2, p.294.“On leur ouvre le ventre, on arrache ces petites creatures qui n'ont pas encore vu le jour; on les devore: c'est, pour ces inhumaines, un morceau délicat.”12.Oeuvres (Dresden, 1756), vol.5, part 1, p.158.13.An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations (Oxford University Press, 1976), vol.1, pp.88–90.14.Histoire naturelle et morale des Iles Antilles de l'Amerique (Rotterdam, 1658), p.488.15.Charles D.Tarlton, “A Rope of Sand: Interpreting Locke's First Treatise of Government,” Historical Journal, vol.21, no.1 (Mar.1978), defends the First Treatise as being of wider significance that the criticism of Filmer.16.Sir Robert Filmer, Patriarcha and Other Writings (Cambridge University Press, 1991), p.237.On Filmer's theory of the descent from Adam, its sources and significance, see W.H.Greenleaf, “Filmer's Patriarchal History,” Historical Journal, vol.9, no.2 (1966).17.First Treatise of Government, in Two Treatises of Government (London, 1824).I, 9.18.Second Treatise of Government, II, 56.See also Iain W.Hampsher-Monk, “Tacit Concept of Consent in Locke's Two Treatises of Government: A Note on Citizens, Travellers, and Patriarchalism,” Journal of the History of Ideas, vol.40, no.1 (Jan.–Mar.1979); and Melissa A.Butler, “Early Liberal Roots of Feminism: John Locke and the Attack on Patriarchy,” American Political Science Review, vol.72, no.1 (Mar.1978).19.A Methodical System of Universal Law: or, the Laws of Nature and Nations deduced from certain Principles, and applied to Proper Cases (London, 1763), vol.2, pp.48–49.20.A discussion of Bodin and Hobbes is Preston King, The Ideology of Order: A Comparative Analysis of Jean Bodin and Thomas Hobbes (Routledge, 1999).21.“liberi subjiciuntur patribus, non minus quam servi dominis et cives civitati.” De cive, in Opera Philosophica quae Latine scripsit Omnia, ed.William Molesworth, vol.2 (London: John Bohn, 1839), chap.9.22.A feminist perspective on the relation between Hobbes and patriarchalism is Carole Pateman, “'God Hath Ordained to Man a Helper': Hobbes, Patriarchy, and Conjugal Right,” British Journal of Political Science, vol.19, no.4 (Oct.1989); the connection between passion and right in the context of seventeenth-century theories of family is analyzed in Victoria Kahn, “'The Duty to Love': Passion and Obligation in Early Modern Political Theory,” Representations, no.68 (autumn 1999).23.De cive: “Filium in statu naturali intellegi non posse, ut qui, simul atque natus est, in potestate et sub imperio est ejus cui debet conservationem sui: scilicet, matris, vel patris, vel ejus qui praebet ipsi alimenta; ut capite nono demonstratum est.”24.On the evolution of Western conceptions on the nature of family, see Roderick Phillips, Putting Asunder: A History of Divorce in Western Society (Cambridge University Press, 1988); on the rise of the contractualist idea of family, see Mary Lyndon Shanley, “Marriage Contract and Social Contract in Seventeenth-Century English Political Thought,” Western Political Quarterly, vol.32, no.1 (Mar.1979).25.On the history of the concept and institution of slavery, see Robin Blackburn, The Making of New World Slavery.From the Baroque to the Modern Age (London, 1997); M.L.Bush, Servitude in Modern Times (New York, 2000); David Brion Davis, The Problem of Slavery in Western Culture (Oxford University Press, 1988); William D.Phillips, Slavery from Roman Times to the Early Trans-Atlantic Trade (Minneapolis, 1995); and William L.Westermann, The Slave Systems of Greek and Roman Antiquity (Philadelphia, 1955).26 [ Pobierz całość w formacie PDF ]