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.The phrase was used in a derisive, ridiculing way then and still is.The Redeye sentence means that the songs are affectionate in an exaggerated, silly way.But the expression also may be used in a neutral or even positive sense, and sometimes it is more literal, describing people who touch others, as in the New York Times example.See also, warm and fuzzy.■■■■■■trade down, trade upTheir parents, the Baby Boomers who fell in love with the Beetle 50 years ago, are also looking to trade down in size.—Associated Press (4/18/2011).McDonald's tends to do well when the economy weakens because cash-strapped consumers trade down to cheaper food.—Reuters (8/4/2013)Even if you live where prices are still falling, now is a good time to buy if you're trading up to a larger or more expensive home.—Chicago Tribune (4/15/2011).image-conscious buyers of new premium cars tend to frequently trade up to the latest model.—Los Angeles Times (8/15/2013)Trade up means buy something larger or more expensive and sell something smaller or less expensive.Trade down means the opposite.When describing market activity, these phrases are used differently: "Banking stocks are trading down today" means that the stock prices are falling.The expressions have been in use since the mid-1900's.■■■■■■train of thoughtHe seemed to get so wrapped up in the anxiety of his IRS debt that he ended up losing his train of thought.—Miami New Times (9/26/2011)"Michael Jordan was the greatest of all time.His focus.was legendary.There was very little that could disrupt his train of thought." —Urban Meyer, coach of the Ohio State Buckeyes football team (8/30/2013)There's a train of thought that sees smartphones as disconnection machines—devices that keep us staring at the screen instead of looking around at the rest of the world.—The Charlotte Observer (10/16/2011)When something distracts a person from thinking, his train of thought is said to be broken, interrupted, disrupted or lost, as in the Miami New Times example and Urban Meyer quotation.In other cases, including the Charlotte Observer example, train of thought means an idea, or way of thinking, or line of reasoning.In "Leviathan," (1651), Thomas Hobbes defined train of thought as "the succession of one thought to another," a conversation in the mind rather than in spoken words.■■■■■■train wreckAnd then we're going to see whether enough Democrats and Republicans in the House can come together to pass something in time for us to avoid a train wreck on Tuesday.—PBS Nightly Business Report (7/29/2011)Perpetual train wreck Lindsay Lohan was reamed out yesterday by an annoyed judge who told her to get back on track—or else.—New York Post (7/22/2011)"This was a train wreck for the Obama administration.This law looks like it's going to be struck down." —CNN Legal Analyst Jeffrey Toobin (3/27/2012)"The American people dislike it even more now than they did when it was passed.And they hope that the Congress will respond to their desire to stop this train wreck before it happens." —Senator Mitch McConnell, talking about health care legislation (7/14/2013)When train wreck does not refer to a real accident involving a train, it means a bad or disastrous event.The phrase is often used when talking about the future.A longer phrase, like watching a train wreck in slow motion, means feeling that a disaster is about to happen.The train wreck in the PBS example was a failure to compromise in Congress, threatening economic problems for the United States and the world.The phrase is also used in much less prominent situations, in the same way that disaster is used for exaggeration and emphasis.Disaster would have the same meaning as train wreck in this example: "We're unprepared.The meeting will be a train wreck." Similarly, calling a person "a perpetual train wreck," as in the New York Post example, means that her life is a disaster.(Four idioms are packed into the Post's short sentence, which means: Troubled Lindsay Lohan was scolded yesterday by an annoyed judge, who told her to obey her orders or face unspecified punishment.)It is not clear how, or precisely when, the metaphorical use of train wreck began, but this example hints that it may have been during the late 1980's or early 1990's:The metaphor favored by Texas legislators to describe a political catastrophe is the train wreck.In the halls of the Capitol, a train wreck refers to something more than a difficult problem.It means a head-on collision between opposing forces that can explode in a spectacular burst of ill feeling, ruining relationships and even careers.—Texas Monthly (July, 1991)This does not explain the origin.And it is not clear why Americans may say, "That presentation was a train wreck," but we never say that the presentation was a plane crash or a car wreck.■■■■■■trigger happyIt gets harder and harder to succeed and find audiences with the 500-channel universe, the remote control, and people being so trigger happy with that remote control.—New York Magazine (3/21/2011)In Maui, trigger-happy Terrence Jones took 41 shots in three games.In the NCAA Tournament, the more measured freshman has taken just 33 shots in four games.—Lexington Herald-Leader (3/29/2011)I object to Maureen Dowd's characterization of Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu of Israel as "trigger-happy".—The New York Times (3/9/2012)Someone who is trigger-happy is too quick or eager to do something—like a person who is too willing to fire a gun.After the mid-20th Century, people began using the expression in situations without weapons, such as "shooting" sports like basketball and hockey (as in the Lexington Herald-Leader example).In the New York Magazine example, it means that people change TV channels often.In the New York Times example, it refers to ordering military action.See also, shoot from the hip.■■■■■■trot outEntertainers trot out new looks to complement the mood of the song they're performing.—Daily Herald (Provo, Utah, 8/7/2011)Central planners love to trot out the Great Depression as evidence of market failure, but massive tax hikes by Herbert Hoover (including new tariffs) and a central bank veering erratically from easy money to tight conspired to doom the economy.—Minneapolis Star-Tribune (8/6/2011).it's easy to trot out the old observation that says if these mounds of rubble were in most any other neighborhood in the city, they would have been cleaned up long ago.—Salisbury, North Carolina, Post (9/1/2013)To trot out means to bring something out and show it—like bringing out a horse for people to look at.When an idea or piece of information is trotted out in a statement or argument, it is being used to make a point, as in the Star-Tribune example.Frequently there is a negative connotation: "As usual, they're trotting out that old horse again."The Daily Herald example may be neutral, not negative.It means the entertainers wear different clothing for each song they perform.Here is an early example of trot out that does not refer to a horse.It describes Mr.Hobbs' happiness in having a guest he can show off to his other guests.A peer—a minister—a stranger to the county,—to come all this way to consult him!—to be his guest!—to be shown off, and patted, and trotted out before all the rest of the company! Mr.Hobbs was a made man! —"Alice" by Edward Bulwer Lytton (1838)■■■■■■tunnel visionFirefighters can't get tunnel vision in a burning home.They must watch for falling debris and monitor the fire's speed as they brave the flames.—The Shelby (N.C.) Star (10/5/2011)".this was a case where the state had focused with tunnel vision on my client, Al Thomas, and excluded other evidence." —The Times News (Burlington, N.C [ Pobierz całość w formacie PDF ]